London is known as the capital of England as
well as the United Kingdom as its history dates back to it being
founded by the Romans and was first named Londinium. London's main
section is the ancient City of London, also known as the square
mile, and it still holds its medieval style. Ever since the 19th
century, the name London has been widely known and covers the entire
metropolis that has been built around it. London one of the world's
largest financial centers which makes it a global city. London is a
huge influence when it comes to politics, education, entertainment,
media, fashion, and the arts and culture. It is one of the most
popular tourist destinations for both domestic and overseas
The medieval part of London is said to have
started on Christmas Day in 1066 when a guy by the name of William
the Conqueror was crowned king of England during a ceremony at the
just built Westminster Abbey. William the Conqueror had just won
victory at the Battle of Hastings a short three months before.
William gave the people of London special privileges, he also built
a castle in the Southeast corner of the city so he could keep
control of them. Later kings also added onto this castle and it is
now known as the Tower of London. At one point during the medieval
time there were 13 monasteries in the city. The houses are now only
remembered by the names that were given to their areas, which are
Greyfriars, Whitefriars, and Blackfriars. This was just the start of
the medieval period in London.
In the nineteenth century there was a rapid
increase in land prices due to the prosperity of the City of London.
Even the city's population was moving into the suburbs. In return
the suburb regrouped and the upper and middle classes moved into the
Hampstead and the West End as the poorer classes resided in the East
End with overcrowded conditions. When the new century started,
London was even more larger and busier than it had ever been before.
People could buy fresh fish and many other kinds of goods anywhere
that are ready and available. London became the center of the
world's largest empire very quickly as a center of trade and
Today there are more than seven million people
living here in London which makes it known as the biggest city in
Western Europe. Even though London is such a large city most
residents are lonely and isolated, three of the five most
underprivileged boroughs in England are located in London. The city
has so many green parks and green areas, more than any other city of
its size in the world. London also has what they call the "built
environment" which is also very important with world famous
buildings that date back to the Tower of London and even the new
ones such as the Swiss Re building or gherkin. All of these
buildings are looking after London's heritage and are very important
as far as caring for London's environment.
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Attractions in London
London is a city with all kinds of
different attractions to visit and enjoy whether you are a local
or a tourist just visiting. There are more than 300 museums and
galleries alone to explore in London which makes it the
epicenter of culture and collections in the northern hemisphere.
London has so many to choose from with the world's largest
Maritime Museum to an art gallery that is held in an old power
station. The city dives into history with everything such as
boats, Botticelli's, mosaics, manuscripts, and so much more.
Some of the museums and galleries in London include the British
Museum, National Gallery, Tate Britain, Natural History Museum,
Museum of London, Imperial War Museum, and many more.
London's visitors and vacationers always take
an interest in the monarchy. Since 1066 when William the Conqueror
used Westminster Abbey, London has been the capital of Great
Britain. Ever since then all the successive Kings and Queens have
left their unforgettable marks all throughout the city. London is
said to be a treasure collection of the lavish, the classy, and the
marvelous. Along with all of this, London has a number of palaces to
explore such as Tower of London, Hampton Court Palace, Kensington
Palace, Banqueting House, Eltham Palace, Buckingham Palace, Windsor
Castle, and many others.
London has many ceremonies and traditions that
have been around for more than 2,000 years. Many of the capitals in
London still perform these ceremonies and traditions. These
ceremonies and traditions are held at her palaces, courtyards and
castles and they are all embedded in the history of London. There
are parades that are put on regularly every year around the capitals
most ancient sites such as Trooping the Color to the State Opening
of Parliament. Some of the city's most spiritual rituals include
Changing the Guard, Trooping the Color, Lord Mayor's Show, Ceremony
of the Keys, and more.
London Walks give a great chance to discover
the history throughout the city wandering through the hidden streets
and coming across charming English pubs. There are so many pubs
along the river and in London's villages. There is history hiding
around every corner and on every street plus a great place for
dining along the way makes it perfect. Some of the London Walks
include Green Park to the South Bank, Wimbledon Common and Village,
The Boat Race-Putney to Chiswick, Richmond Park, Hampstead Heath and
Village, Kew Gardens, Sloan Square to Camden Town, and many others.
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Things to do in London
London is full of places to see and things
to do for visitors. There is a ton of history and people get to
learn a lot just by what they see in the city. London is known as
one of the culture capitals in the world and is full of excitement
and breathtaking views. Without all of these things to see and do in
London it wouldn't be such an amazing city to visit and learn from.
Every city and/or country has top main attractions that everyone
goes there to see and explore. Of course London has a few places
people are dying to visit such as the London Eye, National gallery,
Westminster Abbey, Tate Modern, and more.
The London Eye bustled its way onto the
capitals tourist scene to make the turn of the century, at the same
time it became a great part of the London experience. This is a
wheel that stands an amazing 135 meters tall and offers a totally
see through glass pod 360 degree view of London and more. From this
glorious ride people can see Houses of Parliament, Canary Wharf, Big
Ben, Windsor Castle, and much more. On a clear day the view from
this wheel can extend 25 miles every each way. It goes around just
once and moves at a slow but steady pace letting the passengers see
everything possible. It takes 30 minutes to complete its ride but is
one of the most popular places to be while in London.
Westminster Abbey is also one of London's most
visited tourist destinations. Inside the Westminster Abbey there is
Elizabeth I, Mary I, Mary II, Edward the Confessor, Edward I, Edward
III, Edward IV, Henry III, Henry V, Henry VII, James I, George II,
Richard II, Charles II, and William III that are buried. There are
3,300 people that have been buried inside the church along with
Chaucer, Sir Isaac Newton, Laurence Olivier and Charles Dickens.
Every royal body buried there tells a magnificent story and there is
no better place to relive it then here in this medieval church. It
is decorated and styled with stunning Gothic architecture, literary
history, murals, paintings. and stained glass windows that all make
this church so beautiful and a real treasure to royal history.
The Tower of London is about 1,000 years
old with royal history behind it that is hidden within its
fortified walls. Visiting the Tower of London is just like
taking a step back into time. Visitors start at Traitor's Gate
and then make their way to see Sir Walter Raleigh in the Bloody
Tower who was accused of trying to kill James I. Then off to
join Edward I in the court revelry in the Medieval Tower and
gaze as Henry VIII's amour, weapons, and torture equipment in
the White Tower. This is truly one of the most amazing places to
visit and helps people to realize how it really was back in the
old days and about the history and things the people then had to